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    Nutrition In Special Age Groups

     


     


    Nutrition in childhood & Adolescence

    Childhood and adolescence is a period of continuous growth and development. During this phase children are growing and developing bones, teeth, muscles and blood and they need more nutritious food in proportion to their size than do adults.  They may be at risk for malnutrition when they have a poor appetite for a long period, eat a limited number of foods or dilute their diets significantly with nutrient poor foods.

    Dietary energy must be sufficient to ensure growth and spare protein from being used for energy but not so excessive that obesity results.  Suggested intake proportions of energy are 50% to 60% as carbohydrate, 25% to 35% as fat and 10% to 15% as protein.

    The need for protein per kilogram of body weight decreases from approximately 1.1 g in early childhood to 0.95 g in late childhood.

    Overall, children’s diets should provide enough energy to support optimal growth and development without causing them to gain excess weight.  Emphasis should be placed on their intake of fruits and vegetables, whole-grain products, low-fat dairy products, legumes and lean meat, fish and poultry.

    Threptin is a nutrient powerhouse. It is packed with proteins, calories and the essential vitamins needed during this phase.

    Threptin can be considered as a high protein snack or you can also call it a
     “ Protein Supplement ”.

    Threptin provides good quantity of first class proteins in small volumes.

    Children and adolescents need to take atleast 6-10 Threptin Diskettes per day or else they can also choose to mix Threptin Micromix with milk or water

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    Nutrition in Pregnancy & Lactation

    Pregnancy is one of the most treasured experience of a women’s life.
    To make her experience enjoyable one can offer her a comfortable home, relaxing surrounding, emotional support and above all “ a well balanced nutrition ”
    A balanced diet that results in appropriate weight gain during pregnancy generally supplies the required nutrients needed for pregnancy.

    Supplementation of a mother’s diet during pregnancy may take the form of energy, protein, vitamins or minerals that exceed her routine daily intake

    Additional energy is required during pregnancy to support the metabolic demands of pregnancy and fetal growth. Generally a pregnant mother requires nearly 300 extra calories a day, particularly during the final stages of pregnancy when the growth of the baby is rapid.

    Healthy eating is at all times crucial and this is more so when one is pregnant. Hence it is vital to make certain that the calories are obtained from nutritious foods so that they can add to the baby’s development and growth.
    Lactation is nutritionally demanding, especially for the mother who nurses her infant exclusively for several months.  Increased intake of most nutrients is advised. Milk composition varies according to the mother’s diet.

    During pregnancy as well as lactation one should make an endeavour to follow a well balanced diet that includes all major nutrients like carbohydrate, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.

    Proteins are considered one of the most important nutrient in a pregnant woman’s diet.

    In order to support synthesis of maternal and fetal tissue and to enable better nourishment of the developing child, one should be given the right amount of protein.

    Threptin derived from milk casein taken at least 3-4 times a day would provide the right amount of protein needed for a pregnant and lactating mother

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    Geriatric Nutrition

    Each older adult has unique needs, so dietary recommendations should be individualized. 

    As people age and experience a loss of skeletal tissue mass, stores of protein in skeletal muscle may be inadequate to meet the needs for protein synthesis, making dietary protein intake more important.

     

    Aging produces physiologic changes that affect the need for several essential nutrients.  Poor protein status in the older adult can be attributed to inadequate dietary intake, physiologic changes that affect the need for a nutrient and medications process.  It is important to emphasize the relationship between health and nutrition.

    An important guideline is to consume meals and snacks that are nutrient dense, visually appealing, tasty and of the appropriate consistency.  Four or five smaller meals are often better tolerated than three substantial ones.

    Threptin, a rich source of milk protein has been recommended strongly for the elderly so as to help them maintain their muscle strength and to promote decreased muscle loss

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    GYM freak

    The human body must be supplied continuously with energy to perform its many complex function. As a person’s energy demands increase with exercise, the body must provide additional energy or the exercise will cease.

    The make up of an individual will determine which substrate / nutrient is being used during the exercise bout.

    Nutrition not only plays a role in performance but also help to prevent injuries, enhance recovery from exercise, help maintain body weight and improve overall health.

    Energy and nutrient requirements for an exercising individual vary with weight, height, age, sex and metabolic rate and with the type, frequency, intensity and duration of training. Because emotional and physical stress of training and competition, combined with hectic schedules, affects dietary intake, adequate caloric and essential nutrient intake should be planned carefully to meet the requirements for training and fitness

    RDA of protein is 0.66 g per kilogram of body weight daily for 14 to 18 year olds, 0.80 g per kilogram of body weight daily for adults, which is 12% to 15% of energy intake. The need for protein in exercise depends on energy intake. Weight lifters consume anywhere from 1.0 to 3.5 g of protein per kilogram of body weight per day and most of this protein is in the form of supplements

    The easiest and the best way to meet protein requirements during sports and exercise is done by consuming adequate amounts of Threptin.

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